Ramadan – The Holy Month
Ramadan is the ninth month in the Muslim lunar calendar. Healthy adult Muslims fast in Ramadan from sunup to sundown. This involves not drinking, eating, engaging in immoral behavior, or becoming angry. During the holy month, other forms of devotion such as prayer, reading the Quran, and charity are also encouraged.
Muslims believe that the Quran was revealed during the month of Ramadan. During the holy month, Muslims get up early to eat Sehari, a pre-dawn meal and then complete their fast with iftar, a supper. Mosques often hold enormous iftars, particularly for the underprivileged and needy. After iftar, mosques often have nightly prayers known as Tarawih.
What is Ramadan?
Because Ramadan follows the lunar calendar, its date on the Gregorian calendar varies every year. Before announcing the beginning day of Ramadan, Muslims usually wait for the new month’s moon to emerge. They may, however, estimate the day ahead of time.
The length of a lunar month varies depending on when the new moon is seen. If the moon is not visible on the 29th day’s night, Ramadan continues for the entire 30 days. The conclusion of the month is marked by the Eid al-Fitr festival when Muslims commemorate a successful Ramadan of fasting and devotion.
During Ramadan, why do Muslims fast?
Fasting is one of Islam’s five pillars. Fasting is also prescribed in the Quran for all Muslims who are mature and healthy enough to do so for the whole day.
As a result, Muslims fast as a form of prayer, a method to become closer to God, and a way to show compassion to those in need. Fasting is often used to teach patience and help people stop harmful habits.
Muslims fast from daybreak to sunset every day during Ramadan. They are not allowed to eat, drink, smoke, as well as have cruel or dirty thoughts and words, or engage in immoral conduct.
Ramadan is a month dedicated to self-control and introspection. Fasting is said to be a technique to purify the spirit and develop empathy for those who are hungry and less fortunate in the world. During Ramadan, Muslims go to work and school and go about their daily lives as normal; however, some Muslims read the whole Quran, conduct special prayers, and visit mosques more regularly.
Fasting is obligatory for all Muslims who have reached puberty and are in good health. The ill and aged, as well as travelers, pregnant women, and nursing mothers, are excused, albeit they must make up for missed fast days or assist feed the impoverished in the future.
During Ramadan, the first pre-dawn meal of the day is known as “suhoor.” A meal known as “iftar” is served to break the fast each day. A date is traditionally eaten to break the fast. Iftars are often lavish feasts shared with family and friends. Depending on the culture, different cuisines are provided.